Foreign Exchange Reserves by Country or Geopolitical Entity

Notes
  • Reserves are noted in USD Millions
  • Although foreign exchange reserves are commonly measured in USD, recent dollar devaluation against other reserve currencies does not necessarily reflect an improvement of finances.


  • Rank Country/Monetary Authority Foreign Exchange Reserves
    (USD Millions)
    Last Updated
    World (sum of all countries) $ 7,520,566 --
    1 People's Republic of China
    (not including Hong Kong & Macau which have different currencies)
    $ 2,131,600 June 2009
    2 Japan $ 1,044,327 July 2009
    3 Russia $ 435,400 Dec 2008
    Eurozone
    (EU member states which have adopted the EURO, incl. ECB)
    $ 569,213 Feb 2008
    Saudi Arabia $ 395,467 May 2009
    4 India $ 313,354 Apr 2008
    5 Taiwan $ 286,860 Mar 2008
    6 South Korea $ 264,300 Mar 2008
    7 Brazil $ 223,713 Sep 2009
    8 Singapore $ 168,802 Sep 2008
    9 Hong Kong $ 160,700 Mar 2008
    10 Germany $ 150,377 Mar 2008
    11 Algeria $ 126,905 Mar 2008
    12 France $ 113,058 Aug 2008
    13 Malaysia $ 122,000 Apr 2008
    14 Thailand $ 109,400 Apr 2008
    15 Algeria $ 126,905 Mar 2008
    14 United Kingdom $ 99,956 Mar 2008
    16 Italy $ 106,843 Feb 2008
    17 Mexico $ 79,925 Jan 2008
    18 Turkey $ 73,300 December 2007
    19 Switzerland $ 70,481 September 2007
    20 Iran $ 70,000 January 2008
    21 United States $ 69,668 October 2007
    22 Libya $ 65,510 Dec 2007
    23 Norway $ 45,117 Aug 2009
    24 Poland $ 58,311 September 2007
    25 Australia $ 33,394 Feb 2008
    26 Indonesia $ 58,299 Mar 2008
    European Central Bank
    (ECB, reserves not wholly owned by any single EU member)
    $ 65,543 Feb 2008
    27 Nigeria $ 59,700 Mar 2008
    28 Argentina $ 42,891 September 2007
    29 Canada $ 43,057 Mar 2008
    30 Romania $ 38,203 September 2007
    31 Denmark $ 35,941 September 2007
    32 Czech Republic $ 34,909 December 2007
    33 Philippines $ 33,700 December 2007
    34 Ukraine $ 32,768 November 2007
    35 Venezuela $ 32,723 Mar 2008
    36 South Africa $ 31,761 October 2007
    37 Egypt $ 31,140 Dec 2007
    38 Sweden $ 29,330 June 2007
    39 Israel $ 28,423 Dec 2007
    40 United Arab Emirates $ 29,620 Dec 2007
    42 Netherlands $ 23,337 June 2007
    43 Hungary $ 22,913 June 2007
    44 Morocco $ 22,409 June 2007
    45 Peru $ 20,977 June 2007
    46 Kuwait $ 19,630 Dec 2007
    47 Colombia $ 20,553 September 2007
    48 Vietnam $ 20,000 September 2007
    49 Lebanon $ 19,400 Dec2007
    50 Kazakhstan $ 19,250 Dec 2007
    51 Chile $ 22,240 Dec 2007
    52 Slovakia $ 17,598 June 2007
    53 Bulgaria $ 17,400 December 2007
    54 Spain $ 17,384 June 2007
    55 Serbia $ 16,067 December 2007
    56 Iraq $ 15,650 2006 est.
    57 Pakistan $ 15,370 January 2008
    58 New Zealand $ 15,566 May 2007
    59 Austria $ 13,702 June 2007
    60 Belgium $ 13,467 May 2007
    61 Croatia $ 13,400 November 2007
    62 Macau $ 12,500 Oct 2007
    63 Angola $ 12,290 Oct 2007
    64 Portugal $ 9,826 June 2007
    65 Yemen $ 8,636 April 2007
    66 Botswana $ 10,023 Nov 07
    67 Trinidad and Tobago $7,254 April 2007
    68 Finland $8,185 November 2007
    69 Tunisia $ 6,835 June 2007
    70 Jordan $ 6,392 March 2007
    71 Lithuania $ 6,139 June 2007
    72 Oman $ 7,004 Dec 2007
    73 Syria $ 5,500 2006 est.
    74 Bangladesh $ 5,490 January 2008
    75 Qatar $ 8,368 Dec 2007
    76 Latvia $ 4,928 June 2007
    77 Cyprus $ 4,709 April 2007
    78 Guatemala $ 4,253 May 2007
    79 Bolivia $ 3,900 June 2007
    80 Sudan $ 1,245 Dec 2007.
    81 Uruguay $ 3,527 May 2007
    82 Turkmenistan $ 3,644 Dec 2007
    83 Bahrain $ 3,474 Dec 2007.
    84 Equatorial Guinea $ 3,235 2006 est.
    85 Malta $ 3,065 2006 est.
    86 Uzbekistan $ 2,986 2006 est.
    87 Greece $ 2,831 June 2007
    88 Estonia $ 2,824 June 2007
    89 Sri Lanka $ 2,810 2006 est.
    90 Honduras $ 2,778 2006 est.
    91 Bosnia and Herzegovina $ 2,700 2006 est.
    92 Kenya $ 2,680 April 2007
    93 Cuba $ 2,618 2006 est.
    94 Ecuador $ 2,514 2006 est.
    95 Costa Rica $ 2,500 2006 est.
    96 Tanzania $ 2,375 2006 est.
    97 Belarus $ 2,344 June 2007
    98 Iceland $ 2,314 June 2007
    99 Jamaica $ 2,150 2006 est.
    100 Dominican Republic $ 2,106 2006 est.
    101 Ghana $ 2,098 2006 est.
    102 El Salvador $ 2,046 April 2007
    103 Burma $ 2,000 Jan 2008
    104 Papua New Guinea $ 1,852 July 2007
    105 Republic of Macedonia $ 1,845 2006 est.
    106 Albania $ 1,812 December 2006
    107 Azerbaijan $ 4,000 Dec 2007
    108 Cambodia $ 1,600 December 2007
    109 Paraguay $ 1,543 2006 est.
    110 Côte d'Ivoire $ 2,500 Dec 2007
    111 Uganda $ 1,400 2006 est.
    112 Mauritius $ 1,358 2006 est.
    113 Mozambique $ 1,470 November 2007
    114 Cameroon $ 1,336 2006 est.
    115 Burkina Faso $ 1,328 2006 est.
    116 Georgia $ 1300 June 2007
    117 Armenia $ 1,270 August 2007
    118 Panama $ 1,260 Dec 2007
    119 Slovenia $ 1,204 May 2007
    120 Ethiopia $ 840 Dec 2007
    121 Senegal $ 1,180 2006 est.
    122 Zambia $ 1,050 2006 est.
    123 Kyrgyzstan $ 893 May 2007
    124 Moldova $ 879 June 2007
    125 Ireland $ 842 May 2007
    126 Gabon $ 835 2006 est.
    127 Nicaragua $ 723 2006 est.
    128 Benin $ 607 2006 est.
    129 Madagascar $ 563 2006 est.
    130 Congo $ 547 2006 est.
    131 Lesotho $ 528 2006 est.
    132 Namibia $ 480 2006 est.
    133 Rwanda $ 423 2006 est.
    134 Chad $ 353 2006 est.
    135 Togo $ 334 2006 est.
    136 Laos $ 317 2006 est.
    137 Guyana $ 295 2006 est.
    138 Luxembourg $ 259 May 2007
    139 Swaziland $ 228 2006 est.
    140 Tajikistan $ 209 2006 est.
    141 Malawi $ 176 2006 est.
    142 Cape Verde $ 166 2006 est.
    143 Zimbabwe $ 140 2006 est.
    144 Haiti $ 123 2006 est.
    145 Gambia $ 88 2006 est.
    146 Burundi $ 88 2006 est.
    147 Belize $ 79 2006 est.
    148 Samoa $ 70 2004 est.
    149 Guinea $ 60 2006 est.
    150 Seychelles $ 45 2006 est.
    151 Tonga $ 41 2005 est.
    152 Vanuatu $ 41 2003 est.
    153 Eritrea $ 31 2006 est.
    154 São Tomé and Príncipe $ 25 2006 est.
    Source: Sovereign Wealth Fund Institute, IMF, and other Governmental Sources