The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and Libya are home to massive pools of cash derived from oil wealth. Both of these countries have sovereign wealth funds and other large public funds. Saudi State TV has reported Saudi King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz has passed away at the age of 91. Prince Salman, King Abdullah’s 79-year-old half-brother, has recently taken on the king’s responsibilities. King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz assumed the throne in 2006, as the Kingdom’s sixth king. Prince Muqrin was named as Crown Prince.
The ongoing civil war in Libya has created a number of factions vying for power and control. A faction of fighters loyal to general Khalifa Hifter has seized the Benghazi branch of Libya’s Central Bank. The central bank facility houses a reported US$ 100 billion in cash and gold according to the New York Times. [ Content protected for Sovereign Wealth Fund Institute Standard subscribers only. Please subscribe to view content. ]
Yu Ben Meng, the new Chief Investment Officer of the California Public Employees Retirement System (CalPERS), detailed a picture on why the institutional investor needs to augment its allocation to private equity. [ Content protected for Sovereign Wealth Fund Institute Standard subscribers only. Please subscribe to view content. ]
The U.S. Federal Reserve board released minutes from its January 2019 meeting. There was a split among board members whether any interest rate increases would be necessary for this year. In addition, these officials chatted about ceasing the reduction of bonds on the central bank’s balance sheet before the end of 2019. Board members are keeping an eye on the stock market and current credit spreads. The Federal Reserve started reducing its bond portfolio in October 2017, a measure of quantitative tightening (QT). The US$ 3.8 trillion pool of bonds held by the central bank’s balance sheet is a topic of concern for U.S. fixed income investors.
Minutes of the Federal Open Market Committee
January 29-30, 2019
An excerpt from the minutes details that “Participants commented that, in light of the Committee’s longstanding plan to hold primarily Treasury securities in the long run, it would be appropriate once asset redemptions end to reinvest most, if not all, principal payments received from agency MBS in Treasury securities. Some thought that continuing to reinvest agency MBS principal payments in excess of $20 billion per month in agency MBS, as under the current balance sheet normalization plan, would simplify communications or provide a helpful backstop against scenarios in which large declines in long-term interest rates caused agency MBS prepayment speeds to increase sharply. However, some others judged that retaining the cap on agency MBS redemptions was unnecessary at this stage in the normalization process. These participants noted considerations in support of this view, including that principal payments were unlikely to reach the $20 billion level after 2019, that the cap could slightly slow the return to a portfolio of primarily Treasury securities, or that the Committee would have the flexibility to adjust the details of its balance sheet normalization plans in light of economic and financial developments. Participants commented that it would be important over time to develop and communicate plans for reinvesting agency MBS principal payments, and they expected to continue their discussion of balance sheet normalization and related issues at upcoming meetings.
Following the discussion, the Chairman proposed that the Committee communicate its intentions regarding monetary policy implementation and its willingness to adjust the details of its balance sheet normalization program by publishing a statement at the conclusion of the meeting. All participants agreed with the proposed statement.
STATEMENT REGARDING MONETARY POLICY IMPLEMENTATION AND BALANCE SHEET NORMALIZATION
(Adopted January 30, 2019)
After extensive deliberations and thorough review of experience to date, the Committee judges that it is appropriate at this time to provide additional information regarding its plans to implement monetary policy over the longer run. Additionally, the Committee is revising its earlier guidance regarding the conditions under which it could adjust the details of its balance sheet normalization program.5 Accordingly, all participants agreed to the following:
The Committee intends to continue to implement monetary policy in a regime in which an ample supply of reserves ensures that control over the level of the federal funds rate and other short-term interest rates is exercised primarily through the setting of the Federal Reserve’s administered rates, and in which active management of the supply of reserves is not required.
The Committee continues to view changes in the target range for the federal funds rate as its primary means of adjusting the stance of monetary policy. The Committee is prepared to adjust any of the details for completing balance sheet normalization in light of economic and financial developments. Moreover, the Committee would be prepared to use its full range of tools, including altering the size and composition of its balance sheet, if future economic conditions were to warrant a more accommodative monetary policy than can be achieved solely by reducing the federal funds rate.”
Led by Masayoshi Son, Japan-based SoftBank Group Corporation continues to run the gargantuan Vision Fund scooping up exciting technology investments, both big and small globally. Armed with a roughly US$ 100 billion warchest, the Vision Fund has been disrupting both suppliers of capital and the industries that receive it. Are the big-money limited partners of the Vision Fund the technology backers of last resort? Two of the major backers of the Vision Fund are Saudi Arabia’s Public Investment Fund and Abu Dhabi-based Mubadala Investment Company. SoftBank has invested billions into tech companies like Compass, Katerra Inc, WeWork Cos., Coupang, DoorDash, and Uber Technologies. For example, a beneficiary of the Vision Fund, Katerra is a manufacturer of modular building parts, in which many people question the company’s profitability and business model. Uber is driving toward its initial public offering. SoftBank recently participated in an investment round in Clutter, a storage company.
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