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Apple’s Ginormous Corporate Cash Pile Plans to Come Home

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The positive economic effects of U.S. President Donald Trump’s tax reform have already altered the financial behaviors of major U.S. companies such as Wal-Mart Stores, Apple Inc. and AT&T.

In response to the tax law reform, many American businesses, large-to-small in annual revenues, have issued bonuses, granted awards and signaled plans to increase capital expenditures in the United States. For example, Apple announced plans to give its employees US$ 2,500 each in stock awards. A key section of the new U.S. tax reform law includes a provision for firms to take advantage of a one-time payment of 15.5% on repatriated funds down from the 35% rate.

Initial Plans

With the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) reaching new highs and the tax reform deal signed into law, Apple revealed they would invest US$ 350 billion into the United States economy over a period of five years, as they repatriate massive piles of money from overseas. The iPhone maker estimates they will payout roughly US$ 38 billion in tax payments from the overseas repatriation – thus shifting back some US$ 245 billion out of the US$ 252.3 billion it has held offshore. Apple also plans to spend an estimated US$ 30 billion in capital expenditures over the next five years, with roughly US$ 10 billion in U.S. data centers, according to the company. Apple has plans for 20,000 more jobs to create. The company that was once led by Steve Jobs had faced substantial criticism in the press over outsourcing its manufacturing to China to avoid paying U.S. taxes and lower manufacturing costs. Many of those facilities in China had labor issues such as environmental concerns, slave-like wages and extremely long work hours.

“We believe deeply in the power of American ingenuity, and we are focusing our investments in areas where we can have a direct impact on job creation and job preparedness,” said Apple CEO Tim Cook in a statement on January 17, 2017. He added, “We have a deep sense of responsibility to give back to our country and the people who help make our success possible.”

Liquid Financials and Fixed Income Changes

The sales growth of the iPhone has been a major factor in the growth in Apple’s cash pile. In 2006, Apple moved to act, forming a subsidiary in Nevada to manage investments, initially starting with around US$ 13 billion to manage. Nevada has no corporate income tax and no capital gains tax. Apple manages its investments through an outfit in Reno, Nevada called Braeburn Capital Inc. (Braeburn is a type of Apple), a subsidiary of Apple. Apple also employs some 40 to 50 external fund managers to handle the massive portfolio, according to sources. Braeburn has tried to reduce money management costs by using more separate accounts, while reducing dependence on money market funds.

As of September 30, 2017, Apple has a large investment portfolio worth an excess of US$ 300 billion, with US$ 194.714 billion in long-term marketable securities. Some US$ 128.645 billion are in current assets, with US$ 20.289 billion in cash and cash equivalents.

Focusing on the investment portfolio, some US$ 152.724 billion is held in corporate securities, with US$ 55.245 billion in U.S. Treasuries. Most of the portfolio is held in fixed income investments, including mortgage-backed securities – generally mandating investments be investment-grade and the avoidance of losing principal. Since 2012, Apple has been hoarding more corporate debt, rivaling some bond funds. Only about US$ 799 million are held in mutual funds (non-money market). Apple is also a major buyer of commercial paper across the globe. For example, the company participated in a US$ 500 million issue of 3-year floating notes from Hyundai Capital Services. The tech giant even uses derivatives to hedge against currency and interest rate movements.

The Old Scheme Ends

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SWFI First Read, May 25, 2018

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MedInvestGroup Pushes Investment into Russian High-Tech Oncology Centers

The Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF) and Mubadala Investment Company have attracted MedInvestGroup, which manages a network of the PET Technology regional oncology and radiological centers, as a strategic investor in the joint management and development of a network of cancer diagnosis and treatment centers. The deal aims to significantly improve the efficiency of the already functional centers in Podolsk and Balashikha. The corresponding agreement was announced today at the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum.

Southern Satellite City and RDIF Reach a Financing Agreement

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French Industrial Giants Find Opportunity with RDIF

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A number of French industrial companies continue to invest within Russia, finding opportunities within the mega country. [ Content protected for Sovereign Wealth Fund Institute Standard subscribers only. Please subscribe to view content. ]

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CPPIB Targets 33% in Emerging Markets by 2025

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The Canada Pension Plan Investment Board (CPPIB) generated a net return after expenses and pension contributions of 11.6% for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2018, versus its reference portfolio of 9.8%. For the reported fiscal year, CPPIB grew its net assets to a new high of C$ 356.1 billion (US$ 277.2 billion), compared to C$ 316.7 from the year previous.

Mark Machin, President and Chief Executive Officer at CPPIB, attributed the performance to the rising tide in public equity markets across most geographies, whose volatility in recent months was buoyed by significant fourth quarter earnings in the fund’s private holdings. Public and private equities, CPPIB’s first and third largest asset classes by exposure at 38.8% and 20.3%, saw estimated returns of 11.4% and 16.1%, respectively. Machin joined CPPIB in 2012 and was moved to the top in June 2016, following the departure of Mark Wiseman. Machin has a knack for the Asian region, being CPPIB’s first president for Asia and also spent nearly 20 years in Asia, working at Goldman Sachs. CPPIB plans to continue heavily investing in the APAC region, along with India.

Emerging Markets

“By 2025, we will invest up to a third of the Fund in emerging markets, which by that time are anticipated to account for 47% of global GDP,” said Machin in his section of the annual report outlining the pension’s updated strategic plan. CPPIB currently has C$ 56.1 billion invested in emerging markets, C$ 22.4 billion of which is wrapped up in China.

Foreign and emerging markets continued to dominate in CPPIB’s private equity investments with returns of 16.0% and 19.5%, compared to 1.8% for their Canadian counterparts. Asia was a standout market for the pensioner, which raised its exposure to private equity deals in the region by nearly 28% from C$ 13.4 billion to 17.1 billion, closed six direct investments worth C$ 1.6 billion, committed C$ 1.7 billion towards eight funds, and completed three secondary transactions for C$ 400 million.

With 275 global transactions completed over the fiscal year, CPPIB’s geographic exposure places 15.1% of its assets at home in Canada, 37.9% in the neighboring United States, 13.2% in continental Europe, 5.6% in the United Kingdom, 3.1% in Australia, and a whopping 20.4% in Asia.

Public Equities

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