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Fed Approves Final Rule to Implement Changes to Market Risk Capital Rule

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According to the press release, “The Federal Reserve Board on Thursday approved a final rule to implement changes to the market risk capital rule, which requires banking organizations with significant trading activities to adjust their capital requirements to better account for the market risks of those activities.

The final rule implements certain revisions made by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision to its market risk framework between 2005 and 2010. The final rule will better capture positions for which the market risk capital rule is appropriate, reduce procyclicality in market risk capital requirements, enhance sensitivity to risks that are not adequately captured by the current regulatory methodologies, and increase transparency through enhanced disclosures.

The final rule does not include those aspects of the Basel Committee’s market risk framework that rely on credit ratings. Instead, the final rule includes alternative standards of creditworthiness for determining specific risk capital requirements for certain debt and securitization positions. These standards are consistent with the requirements of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, under which all federal agencies must remove from their regulations references to, and requirements of reliance on, credit ratings.

The final rule applies to bank holding companies and state-chartered banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Separately, on Thursday the Board proposed to apply the market risk capital rule to savings and loan holding companies that meet the thresholds described in the final rule.

The final rule is effective January 1, 2013.”

Read more: Federal Reserve Board Press Release

AIMco Extends Loan Increase to Razor Energy

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Calgary-based Razor Energy Corporation, a listed junior oil and gas company, locked in an increase of C$ 15 million regarding its non-revolving term loan facility from the Alberta Investment Management Corporation (AIMCo). [ Content protected for Sovereign Wealth Fund Institute Standard subscribers only. Please subscribe to view content. ]

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SWFI First Read, January 18, 2018

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Celgene Eyes Juno Therapeutics

Celegene Corporation is in discussions to buy Seattle-based Juno Therapeutics. Juno Therapeutics has backers which include the Alaska Permanent Fund Corporation (APFC). Celgene has roughly US$ 12 billion in cash and already has a relationship with Juno Therapeutics.

Auckland International Airport Sells Down Airport Holdings in NQA and Cairns

Perron Investments and The Infrastructure Fund, current investors in North Queensland Airports, which includes Cairns Airport, agreed to acquire Auckland International Airport’s 24.6% stake in the holding entity for A$ 370 million. Perron Investments is the privately-owned investment entity of Australian billionaire Stan Perron.

Pemex and Mitsui in Final Talks on Tula Project

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Apple’s Ginormous Corporate Cash Pile Plans to Come Home

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The positive economic effects of U.S. President Donald Trump’s tax reform have already altered the financial behaviors of major U.S. companies such as Wal-Mart Stores, Apple Inc. and AT&T.

In response to the tax law reform, many American businesses, large-to-small in annual revenues, have issued bonuses, granted awards and signaled plans to increase capital expenditures in the United States. For example, Apple announced plans to give its employees US$ 2,500 each in stock awards. A key section of the new U.S. tax reform law includes a provision for firms to take advantage of a one-time payment of 15.5% on repatriated funds down from the 35% rate.

Initial Plans

With the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) reaching new highs and the tax reform deal signed into law, Apple revealed they would invest US$ 350 billion into the United States economy over a period of five years, as they repatriate massive piles of money from overseas. The iPhone maker estimates they will payout roughly US$ 38 billion in tax payments from the overseas repatriation – thus shifting back some US$ 245 billion out of the US$ 252.3 billion it has held offshore. Apple also plans to spend an estimated US$ 30 billion in capital expenditures over the next five years, with roughly US$ 10 billion in U.S. data centers, according to the company. Apple has plans for 20,000 more jobs to create. The company that was once led by Steve Jobs had faced substantial criticism in the press over outsourcing its manufacturing to China to avoid paying U.S. taxes and lower manufacturing costs. Many of those facilities in China had labor issues such as environmental concerns, slave-like wages and extremely long work hours.

“We believe deeply in the power of American ingenuity, and we are focusing our investments in areas where we can have a direct impact on job creation and job preparedness,” said Apple CEO Tim Cook in a statement on January 17, 2017. He added, “We have a deep sense of responsibility to give back to our country and the people who help make our success possible.”

Liquid Financials and Fixed Income Changes

The sales growth of the iPhone has been a major factor in the growth in Apple’s cash pile. In 2006, Apple moved to act, forming a subsidiary in Nevada to manage investments, initially starting with around US$ 13 billion to manage. Nevada has no corporate income tax and no capital gains tax. Apple manages its investments through an outfit in Reno, Nevada called Braeburn Capital Inc. (Braeburn is a type of Apple), a subsidiary of Apple. Apple also employs some 40 to 50 external fund managers to handle the massive portfolio, according to sources. Braeburn has tried to reduce money management costs by using more separate accounts, while reducing dependence on money market funds.

As of September 30, 2017, Apple has a large investment portfolio worth an excess of US$ 300 billion, with US$ 194.714 billion in long-term marketable securities. Some US$ 128.645 billion are in current assets, with US$ 20.289 billion in cash and cash equivalents.

Focusing on the investment portfolio, some US$ 152.724 billion is held in corporate securities, with US$ 55.245 billion in U.S. Treasuries. Most of the portfolio is held in fixed income investments, including mortgage-backed securities – generally mandating investments be investment-grade and the avoidance of losing principal. Since 2012, Apple has been hoarding more corporate debt, rivaling some bond funds. Only about US$ 799 million are held in mutual funds (non-money market). Apple is also a major buyer of commercial paper across the globe. For example, the company participated in a US$ 500 million issue of 3-year floating notes from Hyundai Capital Services. The tech giant even uses derivatives to hedge against currency and interest rate movements.

The Old Scheme Ends

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