Possible Future for a Peruvian 10 Billion SWF

Luis Miguel Castilla

Luis Miguel Castilla

The Latin American country of Peru is the globe’s second largest silver, copper, and zinc producer. Regards to gold producing Peru ranks number six. 60% of Peru’s exports come from mining activities. 20% of Peru’s fiscal revenues are derived from mineral reserves. It is fair to say commodity prices have a significant impact on Peru’s economy and national budget.

Peru’s southern neighbor Chile has two sovereign wealth funds, one is a stabilization fund. Currently, Peru only has a fiscal stabilization fund.

Government officials are debating the requirements for establishing a sovereign wealth fund in Peru. The proposed fund could be US$ 10 billion in size. Peru’s Minister of Economy and Finance Luis Miguel Castilla wants to see stabilization in the global commodity markets before they can finalize plans. Like other commodity-based sovereign funds, proceeds from mineral exports would be deposited into the sovereign wealth fund. The sovereign fund would invest the money overseas. Peru’s international reserves have doubled since the onslaught of the global financial crisis to around US$ 60 billion.

Since 2002, Peru has been able to pay down public debt. Peru’s Fiscal Responsibility and Transparency Law (FRTL) also called Ley de Responsabilidad y Transparencia Fiscal has been effective in helping the country reduce its debt. Public sector gross debt was reduced from 44% of GDP in 2004 to 24% of GDP in 2010.

Peru’s Fiscal Stabilization Fund
Peru has a fiscal stabilization fund (FEF). [ Content protected for Sovereign Wealth Fund Institute Standard subscribers only. Please subscribe to view content. ]

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