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Sovereign Wealth Fund Scope of Direct Energy-Related Transactions

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According to the Sovereign Wealth Fund Institute’s transaction database, from the beginning of 2008 till August 2013, over US$ 76.3 billion has been directly invested in energy-related assets and companies. This illustrates the story of a five-year trend of sovereign wealth funds plowing billions into energy – betting heavily on world energy demands. The US$ 76.3 billion includes energy companies, exploration firms, utilities and energy-related infrastructure. This does not include energy-related technology companies or real estate. In addition, this aggregated transaction amount includes only direct sovereign wealth fund transactions, not fund investments. It is crucial to highlight that sovereign wealth funds are limited partners in some of the world’s highly-desired private equity energy funds.

And the winner is?

Europe appears to be the prime recipient of direct sovereign wealth fund investment in the energy sector from 2008 till August 2013 – totaling US$ 40.8 billion (254 recorded transactions). Within Europe, the United Kingdom and the rest of Western Europe receive the bulk of it. Sovereign wealth fund energy stock favorites include Royal Dutch Shell Plc, BP Plc, BG Group Plc and Total SA. Eastern Europe and Russia pocket a far less substantial amount of sovereign wealth fund investment in energy mostly through fund investments.

Direct Sovereign Wealth Fund Investments in Energy-Related Assets and Companies
Billions USD – Jan 2008 to Aug 2013
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sovereign wealth fund energy
Source: Sovereign Wealth Fund Transaction Database

North America follows Europe with US$ 11.8 billion (191 recorded transactions). Both regions prospered in direct sovereign wealth fund investments through open market transactions and negotiated deals. [ Content protected for Sovereign Wealth Fund Institute Standard subscribers only. Please subscribe to view content. ]

Maiden Lane I Ends, Federal Reserve Aims to Shrink Balance Sheet

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The U.S. Federal Reserve’s balance sheet has been set to decline automatically since 2017, as the central bank has been liquidating funds from its US$ 4 trillion in Treasury bonds and mortgage-backed securities. As holdings matured, the Fed refrained from reinvesting them. This amounts to US$ 40 billion in monetary tightening monthly. Meanwhile, interest rates have slowly, and continuously, risen. The maturation of these Fed assets could exert upward pressure on long-term yields.

Mortgage rates, applications, and home sales have been falling, likely due to the rising rates. While rates are still historically low, U.S. President Trump has criticized the rate hikes. However, the Fed has no interest in changing course, and rates are set to continue to rise. According to Fed meeting minutes, “The Chairman suggested that the Committee would likely resume a discussion of operating frameworks in the fall.”

The size and content of the Fed balance sheet going forward will be a point of discussion for Chairman Jerome Powell. While there is no end in sight for the Fed’s plans to tighten economic policy, changing conditions may warrant further examination. With the U.S. stock market thriving, there is no indication that tightening has had a material impact on the economy. However, conventional wisdom asserts that the Fed will raise rates “until something breaks.” Market commentators have also suggested that, in the event of an emergency, the Fed will have a harder time stepping in due to the size of its balance sheet. A large part of the Fed’s monetary strategy is based around communications, and Fed-watchers have made a habit of hanging on every word. The Fed announced a shrinking balance sheet well in advance, and made gradual moves in that direction. The process has been smooth thus far. The Fed’s tightening will reach its peak, US$ 50 billion, in October. It is unclear exactly how much stimulus is still needed in the economy to reach the Fed’s 2% inflation target. The Fed’s easing policies have been criticized for the lopsided benefits they provided, more for Wall Street than Main Street. However, the easing will reduce their role in the market.

The End of Maiden Lane I

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QIA Gets a New CEO

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Sheikh Abdullah Bin Mohammed Al-Thani exited as CEO of the Qatar Investment Authority (QIA). He has been appointed as minister of state by Amiri Order No. (4) of 2018.

Mansoor bin Ebrahim Al-Mahmoud is appointed as the new CEO of QIA. He held positions in various organizations such as CEO of Qatar Development Bank and worked at Qatar Museums.

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SWFI First Read, September 19, 2018

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QIA Eyes Investment in Chinese Lender Lufax

The Qatar Investment Authority (QIA) is in talks about a possible investment into Shanghai-based Lufax, one of China’s largest online lenders. The seller of the possible stake is China’s Ping An Insurance (Group) Co. Ltd. Lufax’s official name is Shanghai Lujiazui International Financial Asset Exchange Co. Ltd.

Wealth Funds Back Hotpot Giant

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