Alaska Permanent Fund Corporation

United States – Alaska US$ 53.9 Billion Origin: Oil

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Established: 1976
Transparency Rating: 10
View SWFI Direct Transaction Data
Entity Structure: Corporation
Pop Est.: 731,449 – 2012 Alaska
Wealth Per Capita Est.: $70,682

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Main Office

Alaska Permanent Fund Corporation
801 West 10th Street, Suite 302
Juneau AK 99801
United States
Tel: (907) 796-1500

Mailing Address
P.O. Box 115500
Juneau AK 99811-5500
United States


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In 1976, Alaska voters, by a 2-to-1 margin, approved a constitutional amendment that authorized the Alaska Legislature to create the Alaska Permanent Fund. The Alaska Permanent Fund is a constitutionally established fund, managed by a semi-independent corporation, established by Alaska in 1976. Shortly after the oil from Alaska’s North Slope began flowing to market through the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System, the Permanent Fund was created by an amendment to the constitution of the U.S. state of Alaska to be an investment for at least 25% of proceeds from some minerals such as oil and gassale or royalties.

Background on the Alaska Permanent Fund Corporation

The Fund does not include either property taxes on oil company property nor income tax from oil corporations, so the minimum 25% deposit is really more like 11% if those sources were also considered. The Alaska Permanent Fund sets aside a share certain oil revenues to continue benefiting current and all future generations of Alaskans. Many citizens also believed that the legislature too quickly and too inefficiently spent the $900 million bonus the state got in 1969 after leasing out the oil fields. This belief spurred a desire to put some oil revenues out of direct political control.

The Alaska Permanent Fund Corporation manages the assets of both the Permanent Fund and other state investments, but spending Fund income is up to the Legislature. The APFC is to manage for maximum prudent return, and not–as some Alaskans at first wanted–as a development bank for in-state projects. The Fund started from an initial investment of $734,000 in 1977. Some growth was due to good management, some to inflationary re-investment, and some via legislative decisions to deposit extra income during boom years. Each year, the fund’s realized earnings are split between inflation-proofing, operating expenses, and the annual Permanent Fund Dividend.

Historical Assets Under Management on APFC

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