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The Linaburg-Maduell Transparency Index was developed at the Sovereign Wealth Fund Institute by Carl Linaburg and Michael Maduell.

The Linaburg-Maduell transparency index is a method of rating transparency in respect to sovereign wealth funds. Pertaining to government-owned investment vehicles, where there have been concerns of unethical agendas, calls have been made to the larger “opaque” or non-transparent funds to show their intentions.

This index of rating transparency was developed in 2008 and has since been used worldwide, by sovereign wealth funds in their official annual reports and statements, as the global standard benchmark.

This index is based off ten essential principles that depict sovereign wealth fund transparency to the public.The following principles each add one point of transparency to the index rating. The index is an ongoing project of the Sovereign Wealth Fund Institute. The minimum rating a fund can receive is a 1; however, the Sovereign Wealth Fund Institute recommends a minimum rating of 8 in order to claim adequate transparency. Transparency ratings may change as funds release additional information. There are different levels of depth in regards to each principle. Judgment of these principles is left to the discretion of the Sovereign Wealth Fund Institute.

PointPrinciples of Linaburg-Maduell Transparency Index
+1Fund provides history including reason for creation, origins of wealth, and government ownership structure
+1Fund provides up-to-date independently audited annual reports
+1Fund provides ownership percentage of company holdings, and geographic locations of holdings
+1Fund provides total portfolio market value, returns, and management compensation
+1Fund provides guidelines in reference to ethical standards, investment policies, and enforcer of guidelines
+1Fund provides clear strategies and objectives
+1If applicable, the fund clearly identifies subsidiaries and contact information
+1If applicable, the fund identifies external managers
+1Fund manages its own web site
+1Fund provides main office location address and contact information such as telephone and fax
Developed by Carl Linaburg and Michael Maduell
Current LMTI Ratings
FundTransparency Index
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