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Governor Zhou Xiaochuan of the People’s Bank of China (PBC) writes “Reform the International Monetary System”

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Zhou Xiaochuan

Zhou Xiaochuan writes, “the outbreak of the current crisis and its spillover in the world have confronted us with a long-existing but still unanswered question,i.e., what kind of international reserve currency do we need to secure global financial stability and facilitate world economic growth, which was one of the purposes for establishing the IMF? There were various institutional arrangements in an attempt to find a solution, including the Silver Standard, the Gold Standard, the Gold Exchange Standard and the Bretton Woods system. The above question, however, as the ongoing financial crisis demonstrates, is far from being solved, and has become even more severe due to the inherent weaknesses of the current international monetary system.

Theoretically, an international reserve currency should first be anchored to a stable benchmark and issued according to a clear set of rules, therefore to ensure orderly supply; second, its supply should be flexible enough to allow timely adjustment according to the changing demand; third, such adjustments should be disconnected from economic conditions and sovereign interests of any single country. The acceptance of credit-based national currencies as major international reserve currencies, as is the case in the current system, is a rare special case in history. The crisis again calls for creative reform of the existing international monetary system towards an international reserve currency with a stable value, rule-based issuance and manageable supply, so as to achieve the objective of safeguarding global economic and financial stability.”

read more: Paper: Reform the International Monetary System

read more: People’s Bank of China

SWFI First Read, May 25, 2018

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MedInvestGroup Pushes Investment into Russian High-Tech Oncology Centers

The Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF) and Mubadala Investment Company have attracted MedInvestGroup, which manages a network of the PET Technology regional oncology and radiological centers, as a strategic investor in the joint management and development of a network of cancer diagnosis and treatment centers. The deal aims to significantly improve the efficiency of the already functional centers in Podolsk and Balashikha. The corresponding agreement was announced today at the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum.

Southern Satellite City and RDIF Reach a Financing Agreement

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French Industrial Giants Find Opportunity with RDIF

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A number of French industrial companies continue to invest within Russia, finding opportunities within the mega country. [ Content protected for Sovereign Wealth Fund Institute Standard subscribers only. Please subscribe to view content. ]

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CPPIB Targets 33% in Emerging Markets by 2025

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The Canada Pension Plan Investment Board (CPPIB) generated a net return after expenses and pension contributions of 11.6% for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2018, versus its reference portfolio of 9.8%. For the reported fiscal year, CPPIB grew its net assets to a new high of C$ 356.1 billion (US$ 277.2 billion), compared to C$ 316.7 from the year previous.

Mark Machin, President and Chief Executive Officer at CPPIB, attributed the performance to the rising tide in public equity markets across most geographies, whose volatility in recent months was buoyed by significant fourth quarter earnings in the fund’s private holdings. Public and private equities, CPPIB’s first and third largest asset classes by exposure at 38.8% and 20.3%, saw estimated returns of 11.4% and 16.1%, respectively. Machin joined CPPIB in 2012 and was moved to the top in June 2016, following the departure of Mark Wiseman. Machin has a knack for the Asian region, being CPPIB’s first president for Asia and also spent nearly 20 years in Asia, working at Goldman Sachs. CPPIB plans to continue heavily investing in the APAC region, along with India.

Emerging Markets

“By 2025, we will invest up to a third of the Fund in emerging markets, which by that time are anticipated to account for 47% of global GDP,” said Machin in his section of the annual report outlining the pension’s updated strategic plan. CPPIB currently has C$ 56.1 billion invested in emerging markets, C$ 22.4 billion of which is wrapped up in China.

Foreign and emerging markets continued to dominate in CPPIB’s private equity investments with returns of 16.0% and 19.5%, compared to 1.8% for their Canadian counterparts. Asia was a standout market for the pensioner, which raised its exposure to private equity deals in the region by nearly 28% from C$ 13.4 billion to 17.1 billion, closed six direct investments worth C$ 1.6 billion, committed C$ 1.7 billion towards eight funds, and completed three secondary transactions for C$ 400 million.

With 275 global transactions completed over the fiscal year, CPPIB’s geographic exposure places 15.1% of its assets at home in Canada, 37.9% in the neighboring United States, 13.2% in continental Europe, 5.6% in the United Kingdom, 3.1% in Australia, and a whopping 20.4% in Asia.

Public Equities

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