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Sovereign Wealth and Pensions Enticed by Collateral and CP Business

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sovereign wealth fund collateral

With expanded capital restrictions, especially when it comes to derivatives, traditional banking institutions are dealing with tighter balance sheets. The European Market Infrastructure Regulation (EMIR) and U.S. Dodd-Frank Act have modified the requirements for clearing and collateral. These laws promote the central clearing of standardized over-the-counter (OTC) derivatives contracts. The forced move toward central clearing is feeding a manufactured hunger for more high-quality securities to be used as collateral. Another source of collateral besides banks are sovereign wealth funds and pensions, many which possess massive inventories of high-quality securities. These asset owners are becoming sources of liquidity and typically search for yield opportunities any way they can.

Links between banks and non-banks would become further blurred.

Tail Risk Capital for Counterparties

In late March, the California Public Employees’ Retirement System (CalPERS) finalized a deal in which the pension giant partnered with agency securities lending provider eSecLending LLC to make a 1-year repurchase (repo) facility. CalPERS gets paid for backing the repo facility, enhancing the system’s cash return. Essentially, CalPERS and eSecLending would provide Chicago-based Options Clearing Corporation (OCC) a cash draw from CalPERS if a counterparty defaults on a derivative trade. OCC is serious on diversifying its liquidity base which traditionally relied on large banking institutions. John Fennell, Executive Vice President of Financial Risk Management at OCC explains how these arrangements enhance cash returns, “For the fund, they are able to invest in short-term investment funds on an overnight basis while earning a commitment fee from the borrower of the funds. If the lines are ultimately drawn on, the fund earns a higher rate to compensate for the inability to invest the funds overnight.”

Sovereign wealth funds, an institutional investor market surpassing US$ 7 trillion in assets, are a natural source of capital for these types of arrangements. Fennell adds, “I think the aspect of pension funds that makes them attractive to central counterparties is their cash flows that are controlled and not susceptible to runs by clients during times of crisis. Sovereign wealth funds have very similar characteristics which would presumably make them a great alternative for this type of investment. Also, given the size of sovereign wealth funds, this could add a material inventory to the liquidity supply that might be accessible to central counterparties.”

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SWFI First Read, January 16, 2018

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BP Plans to Take $1.7 Billion Charge to End Legal Claims on Deepwater Horizon

BP Plc is planning to take a US$ 1.7 billion charge to end legal claims regarding the disastrous 2010 Deepwater Horizon spill in the Gulf of Mexico.

Ethereum Co-Founder Leaves Fenbushi Capital

Vitalik Buterin, a co-founder of Ethereum, which is a cryptocurrency, exited China-based Fenbushi Capital. Fenbushi Capital was formed in 2015. Buterin is retaining his role as an advisor of Fenbushi Capital. Buterin dropped out of the University of Waterloo in 2014 when he got a Thiel Fellowship. This permitted him to work on Ethereum full time.

Kingdom Holding Sells Four Seasons Beirut Hotel Stake

Saudi Arabia’s Kingdom Holding sold its position in the Four Seasons Hotel in Beirut for roughly US$ 100 million. Blominvest, a unit of Blom Bank, advised on the transaction. The Four Seasons will continue to manage the property.

Mercer Signs Deal to Buy BFC

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Deutsche Bundesbank to Slowly Add Renminbi into Foreign Reserve Mix

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Deutsche Bundesbank’s executive board made a decision to invest in Chinese renminbi in the summer of 2017 as part of its foreign currency reserves. The German central bank on January 15, 2018, confirmed it will start investing in Chinese renminbi and also consider investing in additional foreign currencies. The move mimics the European Central Bank (ECB), which already considers the Chinese renminbi as a reserve currency. [ Content protected for Sovereign Wealth Fund Institute Standard subscribers only. Please subscribe to view content. ]

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Bpifrance, CDB and Cathay Capital Launch Third Cross Border Fund

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Bpifrance, China Development Bank Capital Co., Ltd. (CDB Capital) and Cathay Capital agreed to launch Sino French Midcap Fund II. This is the second fund the group is launching after the €500 million Sino French Midcap Fund I from June 27, 2014. [ Content protected for Sovereign Wealth Fund Institute Standard subscribers only. Please subscribe to view content. ]

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